Emotions as The Basis of Literary Representations

Irana Austiningsih


This article is based on the belief that elemental human motives and basic emotions provide the deep structure of literary representations, and this dep structure serves to organize the particularities of circumstances and individual indentity. Personal power and reproductive success are governing purposes in life and in literary representations. Literature and its antecedents organize experience in personally meaningful ways. They provide models of behavior and help regulate the complex cognitive machinery through which humans negotiate their school social and cultural environments. To support this analysis, a reading of a contemporary Australian writer Elizabeth Jolleys Palomino will be presented. Like of other works of the novelist, Palonimo depicts women, not Woman in the sense that female individual stands in relation to the others of the same sex. Here, one can be the multiple roles of a woman including the desires, the social struggle of the gender identity, and the basic instincts of makind. The symbolism and the literary technique used even supports the university of woman deciption in this novel.


emotions, literary representations, Palomino.


Asthon, M.C, Paunonen, S.V, Helmes, E and Jackson, D.N. 1998. Kin Altruism, Reciprocal Altruism and the Big Five Personality Factors. Evolution and Human Behavior 19: 153 –169.

Bouchard, T.J.Jr. 1994. Genes, Environment, and Personality. Science 264: 1700-1701.

Boyd, B. 1998. Jane, Meet Charles: Literature, Evolution, and Human Nature. Philosophy and Literature 22: 1-30.

Buss, D.M. 1999. Evolutionary and Psychology: The New Science of the Mind. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Carrol, J. 1995. Evolution and Literary Theory. Columbia: University of Missouri Press.

Constable, J. 1997. Verse Forms: A Pilot Study in the Epidemiology of Representations. Human Nature 8: 171-203.

Digman, J.M. 1990. Personality Structure: Emergence of the Five-factors Model. Annual Review of Psychology 41: 417-440.

Ekman, P. 1994. Antecendent Events and Emotion Metaphors. In P. Ekman and J.R. Davidson (eds). The Nature of Emotion: Fundamental Questions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Fox, R. 1989. The Search for Society: Quest for a Biosocial Science and Morality. New Brunswich: Rutgers University Press.

Fox, R. 1995. Sexual Conflict in the Epics. Human Nature 6: 135-144. Hutcheon, L. 1988. Poetics of Postmodernism. New York: Routledge MacDonald, K. 1995. Evolution, the Five Factor Model, and Levels of Personality. Journal of Personality 63: 525-567.

McCare, R.R. (ed). 1992. The Five Factor Model: Issues and Applications Journal of Personality 60: 175-532. Nicholson, L. 1990. Feminism/Postmodernism. New York and London: Routledge.

Full Text: Pdf


  • There are currently no refbacks.

EnJourMe (English Journal of Merdeka) : Culture, Language, and Teaching of English
D3 English Program
University of Merdeka Malang
Jl. Terusan Halimun 11B Malang, 65146, East Java, Indonesia
Phone: +62 899 0000 703
Email: enjourme.journal@unmer.ac.id