The effect of productivity on liquidity under financial frictions

Stefanus Hugo Lusida, Kim Sung Suk

Abstract


Productivity is something that can affect distribution of the characteristics of the assets. In this study, we investigate whether manufacturing firms in Indonesia that have high productivity have a high level of liquidity. This study uses data from manufacturing firms listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period of 2008 to 2017. We estimate productivity level of the firm using Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) and effects of productivity to the liquidity of the firm using linear panel model. Results show that manufacturing firms in Indonesia with high productivity levels tend to have a higher level of liquidity than firms with lower levels of productivity. Even if Indonesia already adopt market based financial system, other types of financial frictions cause that firms allocate more of their resource to liquid assets than to fixed assets. Even though the effects of misallocation became weaker, misallocations of resources in manufacturing firms Indonesia are still found from a robustness test.

JEL Classifications: G15, G31, G32

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/jkdp.v23i2.3191


Keywords


Financial frictions; Liquidity; Misallocation; Total factor productivity

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