Identification and Orientation on Spatial Arrangement of Wajo Traditional Village, Keo Tengah, Nagekeo Regency

Reginaldo Christophori Lake, Yohanes Djarot Purbadi, Herman Florianus Harmans

Abstract


The purpose of this paper is to describe the uniqueness of spatial arrangement of Wajo traditional villages in Nagekeo district, which is designed based on local wisdom. Traditional settlements in Indonesia have a spatial concept that has the potential to become the basis of contemporary architecture. The spatial arrangement of traditional settlements of Wajo village is interesting to disclose the principle and its constituent elements as one of Indonesia's architectural properties that maintaining local culture. The problem under study is the dominant (important) aspects underlying the spatial concept of traditional village settlements Wajo custom. The method used is to study literature in various writings on the spatial layout phenomenon of traditional settlements, as well as the elaboration of physical theories (structuring principles) and non-physical theories (identification and orientation) to find the dominant relationships that form the spatial layout of the Wajo traditional village. The analysis is based on Schulz's phenomenological paradigm and Salura's design principle theory. From the results of the analysis, it was found that the spatial concept of the Wajo traditional village is a relation of the perception of the surrounding environment, site, shape, figure and natural-cultural cycle influenced by dominant factors namely the top-down orientation (sacred and profane) and physical adaptation of the topography of the place, as well as elements binding (datum) in the form of tribal order (the existence of mosalaki), cultural symbols (customs), and spiritual (ancestors).

 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/lw.v12i1.3581

 


Keywords


adat village Wajo; identification; orientation; spatial arrangement; traditional settlement

References


Achmad, Z. H. (2019). Typology of Bena Traditional Architecture, Flores. Local Wisdom : Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Kearifan Lokal, 11(2), 90–106. https://doi.org/10.26905/lw.v11i2.2980

Arimbawa, W., & Santhyasa, I. K. G. (2010). Perpektif Ruang Sebagai Entitas Budaya Lokal: Orientasi Simbolik Ruang Masyarakat Tradisional Desa Adat Penglipuran, Bangli - Bali. Local Wisdom-Jurnal Ilmiah Online, Issn: 2086-3764, II(4), 1–9.

Asmarani, I. K. (2016). Tipologi Elemen Arsitektur Rumah Bangsal Di Desa Larangan Luar Pamekasan Madura. Tesa Arsitektur, 14(1), 10. https://doi.org/10.24167/tes.v14i1.514

Azzahra, S. F., & Nurini. (2014). Struktur dan Pola Ruang Kampung Uma Lengge Berdasarkan Kearifan Lokal di Desa Maria, Kabupaten Bima Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jurnal Ruang, 2(1), 321–330.

Ch. Lake, R. (2016). Tata Spasial Arsitektur Tradisional Suku Atoni Di Kampung Tamkesi Pulau Timor. ATRIUM - Jurnal Arsitektur, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.21460/atvm.2016.21.3

Ching, F. (1991). Arsitektur: Bentuk, Ruang dan Susunannya. Erlangga, Jakarta. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054708326271

Dwiasta, A. Y. (2014). Pemanfaatan Tema Arsitektur Tradisional Lokal Terhadap Transformasi Bentuk dan Fungsi Arsitektur di Perkotaan dalam Konteks Kekinian. Jurnal Forum Bangunan, 12, 33–39.

Habib, F., & Sahhaf, M. (2012). Christian Norberg-Schulz and the Existential Space. International Journal of Architecture and Urban …, 1(3), 45–50.

Hersy Yamanto. (2003). Tektonika dalam Semiotik Asitektur Studi Karya YB Mangunwijaya. Tesis Magister Teknik Arsitektur UNDIP.

Lake, Reginaldo CH. (2014). Konsep Ruang Dalam dan Ruang Luar Arsitektur Tradisional Suku Atoni di Kampung Tamkesi di Pulau Timor (Vol. 1). Universitas Katolik Parahyangan.

Lake, Reginaldo Christophori. (2014). Konsep Ruang Dalam dan Ruang Luar Arsitektur Tradisional Suku Atoni di Kampung Tamkesi di Pulau Timor. E-Journal Graduate Unpar, 1(2), 61–74.

Lake, Reginaldo Christophori. (2015). Gramatika Arsitektur Vernakular Suku Atoni Di Kampung Adat Tamkesi Di Pulau Timor. Yogyakarta: CV. Sunrise.

Lake, Reginaldo Christophori, Boli, B., Djonda, U., & Siwa, Y. N. (2018). Building Task Concepts of the Vernacular Settlement in Tamkesi Village. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 213(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/213/1/012034

Levin, R., & Jencks, C. A. (1978). The Language of Post-Modern Architecture. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 37(2), 239. https://doi.org/10.2307/429857

Meria Burhan, I., Antariksa, & Meidiana, C. (2008). Pola Tata Ruang Permukiman Tradisional Gampong Lubuk Sukon, Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Arsitektur E-Journal, 1(3), 172–189.

Messakh, J. (2014). Wujud Akulturasi Sebagai Pembentuk Identitas Arsitektur Nusa Tenggara Timur. E-Journal Graduate Unpar, 1(2), 178–188. Retrieved from http://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/unpargraduate/article/view/1196

Purbadi, Y. D. (2010). Tata Suku dan Tata Spasial pada Arsitektur Permukiman Suku Dawan di Desa Kaenbaun di Pulau Timor (Universitas Gadjah Mada; Disertasi).

https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.18372.32640

Refranisa, R. (2019). Pola Permukiman di Dusun Mantran Wetan Magelang dalam Bingkai Kebudayaan Jawa (The Settlement Pattern in Dusun Mantran Wetan of Magelang in the Frame of Javanese Culture). ARTEKS Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, 3(2), 159. https://doi.org/10.30822/artk.v3i2.165

Rogi, O. H. A., & Siswanto, W. (2009). Identifikasi Aspek Simbol dan Norma Kultural Pada Arsitektur Rumah Tradisional di Minahasa. Ekoton, 9(1), 43–58.

Salura, P. (2010). Arsitektur Yang Membodohkan (1st ed.). Bandung: CSS Publishing.

Salura, P. (2018). The Philosophy of Architectural Ordering Principles. International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7(2), 52–55.

Salura, P., & Ch. Lake, R. (2014). The architectural language of inner and outer space as observed among the Atoni tribe in the Tamkesi kampong on Timor Island. International Journal of Academic Research, 6(3), 208–213. https://doi.org/10.7813/2075-4124.2014/6-3/a.29

Suprijanto, I. (2002). Rumah Tradisional Osing : Konsep Ruang dan Bentuk Teori Ruang Pada Rumah Tradisional Jawa. Dimensi Teknik Arsitektur, 30(1), 10–20.

Tallo, A. J. (2013). Struktur Ruang Permukiman Suku Atoni Berbasi Budaya, Studi Kasus: Kampung Adat Tamkesi, Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara. Tesa Arsitektur (Terakreditasi B), 11(1), 16. Retrieved from http://journal.unika.ac.id/index.php/tesa/article/view/221

Undi, G. (2013). Fenomenologi arsitektur; konsep, sejarah dan gagasannya. Nalars, 12(1), 43–59.

Widisono, A. (2019). The Local Wisdom on Sasak Tribe Sade Hamlet Central Lombok Regency. Local Wisdom : Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Kearifan Lokal, 11(1), 42–52. https://doi.org/10.26905/lw.v11i1.2711


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing by

width="150" crossref
width=150;



Index Copernicus International (ICI)

In collaboration with

Image result for iplbi



Local Wisdom Scientific Online Journal (LWSOJ)

Center for Local Wisdom Studies of University of Merdeka Malang
(Pusat Studi Kearifan Lokal Universitas Merdeka Malang)
Department of Architecture

Mailing Address:

Address: Jl. Puncak Jaya No. 36, Malang, Indonesia, 65146
Email: lwsoj17@gmail.com

Creative Commons License