Machrus Ali, Rukslin Rukslin, Cholil Hasyim


In this paper, the efficiency of photovoltaic panels is improved by adding two solar tracking systems. The solar tracking system is used to track the sun so that the photovoltaic always faces the sun. This system uses a dual axis consisting of a horizontal rotation axis and a vertical rotation axis. The motion of the horizontal axis of rotation follows the sun's azimuth angle from north to south. The motion of the vertical axis of rotation following the sun's azimuth angle from east to west is the vertical axis motion. Both types of movement are controlled using PID and Fuzzy controllers which are optimized with an artificial intelligence approach, namely Ant Colony Optimization (ACO). Experiments with PID control approach and CES control were optimized using the ACO method (Hybrid PID-CES-ACO method).   In this research, PID-CES-ACO was the best model, obtained on the horizontal axis of overshot 1328 pu, the smallest undershot was 0.116, and the fastest settling time was 0.183 s, on the vertical axis the smallest overshot was 1.246 pu, the smallest undershot was 0.044, the fastest settling time was 0.163 s


Ant Colony Optimization; CES; Photovoltaic; Hybrid System;

Full Text:



M. Ali, H. Nurohmah, Budiman, J. Suharsono, H. Suyono, and M. A. Muslim, “Optimization on PID and ANFIS Controller on Dual Axis Tracking for Photovoltaic Based on Firefly Algorithm,” in ICEEIE 2019 - International Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Information Engineering: Emerging Innovative Technology for Sustainable Future, 2019, pp. 53–57.

M. Ali, T. Fahmi, D. W. Khaidir, and H. Nurohmah, “Optimizing Single Axis Tracking for Bat Algorithm-based Solar Cell,” J. FESPE, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1–5, 2020.

W. Cahyono, M. Ali, and H. Nurohmah, “Ant Colony Optimazation sebagai Tuning PID pada Single Axis Tracking Photovoltaic,” Sinarfe7-2, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 455–458, 2019.

M. Ali, M. R. Djalal, M. Fakhrurozi, Kadaryono, Budiman, and D. Ajiatmo, “Optimal Design Capacitive Energy Storage (CES) for Load Frequency Control in Micro Hydro Power Plant Using Flower Pollination Algorithm,” in 2018 Electrical Power, Electronics, Communications, Controls and Informatics Seminar, EECCIS 2018, 2018, pp. 21–26.

Kadaryono, Askan, Rukslin, A. Parwanti, M. Ali, and I. Cahyono, “Comparison of LFC optimization on micro-hydro using PID, CES, and SMES based firefly algorithm,” in International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Informatics (EECSI), 2018, vol. 2018–Octob, pp. 204–209.

A. M. S. Yunus and M. Saini, “Overview of SMES units application on smart grid systems,” in Proceeding - 2016 International Seminar on Intelligent Technology and Its Application, ISITIA 2016: Recent Trends in Intelligent Computational Technologies for Sustainable Energy, 2017, pp. 465–470.

M. Ali, Budiman, A. R. Sujatmika, and A. A. Firdaus, “Optimization of controller frequency in wind-turbine based on hybrid PSO-ANFIS,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 1034, no. 1, p. 12070, 2021.

M. Arrohman, R. Fajardika, M. Muhlasin, and M. Ali, “Optimasi Frekuensi Kontrol pada Sistem Hybrid Wind-Diesel Menggunakan PID Kontroler Berbasis ACO dan MFA,” J. Rekayasa Mesin, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 65–68, 2018.

Muhlasin, Budiman, M. Ali, A. Parwanti, A. A. Firdaus, and Iswinarti, “Optimization of Water Level Control Systems Using ANFIS and Fuzzy-PID Model,” in 2020 Third International Conference on Vocational Education and Electrical Engineering (ICVEE), 2020, pp. 1–5.

M. Ali, Muhlasin, H. Nurohmah, A. Raikhani, H. Sopian, and N. Sutantra, “Combined ANFIS method with FA, PSO, and ICA as Steering Control Optimization on Electric Car,” in 2018 Electrical Power, Electronics, Communications, Controls and Informatics Seminar, EECCIS 2018, 2018, pp. 299–304.

M. Ali, F. Hunaini, I. Robandi, and N. Sutantra, “Optimization of active steering control on vehicle with steer by wire system using Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA),” in 2015 3rd International Conference on Information and Communication Technology, ICoICT 2015, 2015, pp. 500–503.

R. Firmansyah, M. Ali, D. Ajiatmo, A. Raikhani, and M. Siswanto, “Optimization of AVR in Micro-hydro Power Plant Using Differential Evolution (DE) Method,” J. FESPE; Front. Energy Syst. Power Eng. Front. Energy Syst. Power Eng., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2020.

M. Ali, H. Nurohmah, Budiman, H. Suyono, M. A. Muslim, Y. M. Safarudin, and A. A. Firdaus, “Determining firefly ideal parameter for tuning Kp, Ki, And Kd parameter in photovoltaic application,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 1034, no. 1, p. 12078, 2021.

M. Dripoyono, Henrdo; Candra, Dwi, Septa; Ajiatmo, Dwi;, Budiman, Budiman; Ali, “Penggunaan ACO dan FA Dalam Mengoptimalkanasikan Kontroler PID Untuk Shading Parsial pada Photovoltaic,” SinarFe7, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 35–39, 2018.

M. Ali, A. Raikhani, B. Budiman, and H. Sopian, “Algoritma Persaingan Imperialis Sebagai Optimasi Kontroler PID dan ANFIS Pada Mesin Sinkron Magnet Permanen (Imperialist Competitive Algorithm As PID Optimization and ANFIS Controller at Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine),” JEEE-U (Journal Electr. Electron. Eng., vol. 3, no. 1, p. 57, 2019.

M. Ibrahim, D. Ramadhan, and M. Ali, “Optimasi Kontroler Putaran Motor Permanent Magnet Syschronous Machine ( PMSM ) menggunakan PSO-ANFIS ( Studi Kasus di Perumdam Tirta Kencana ),” Jurna; El-Sains, vol. 2, 2020.

D. Ajiatmo and I. Robandi, “Modeling and simulation performance of photovoltaic system integration battery and supercapacitor paralellization of MPPT prototipe for solar vehicle,” 2017, vol. 1818, p. 20076.

D. Ajiatmo and I. Robandi, “A Hybrid fuzzy logic controller-firefly algorithm (FLC-FA) based for MPPT photovoltaic (PV) system in solar car,” in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy, ICPRE 2016, 2017, pp. 606–610.

S. Aksungur and T. Koca, “Solar tracking system with PID control of solar energy panels using servo motor,” Int. J. Energy Appl. Technol., pp. 127–130, 2018.

P. K. B, S. Jonnalagadda, M. Srihari, and H. Bonothu, “DUAL-AXIS SOLAR TRACKER,” Int. J. Recent Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 15598–15603, 2017.

A. Barbón, J. A. Fernández-Rubiera, L. Martínez-Valledor, A. Pérez-Fernández, and L. Bayón, “Design and construction of a solar tracking system for small-scale linear Fresnel reflector with three movements,” Appl. Energy, vol. 285, 2021.

N. Sharma and B. Sharma, “An Analysis of Automatic Dual Axis Sun Tracking Solar System,” Int. J. Innov. Res. Electr. Electron. Instrum. Control Enginering, vol. 4, no. December, pp. 45–47, 2016.

S. Shaher-Soulayman, “Solar Azimuth Angle in the Tropical Zone,” J. Sol. Energy Res. Updat., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2017.

M. A. Y. Alghifrani, H. Nurohmah, D. Ajiatmo, and M. Ali, “Bat Algorithm Sebagai Optimasi PID Controller Pada Turbin Angin,” Sinarfe7-2, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 447–451, 2019.

M. Dorigo and T. Stützle, “The Ant Colony Optimization Metaheuristic,” in Ant Colony Optimization, 2018.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/jeemecs.v4i2.6138


  • There are currently no refbacks.

JEEMECS (Journal of Electrical Engineering, Mechatronic and Computer Science)
Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering

Mailling Address:

  • Address: Taman Agung Street No. 1, Sukun, Malang City, East Java, 65146, Indonesia.
  • Website: http://jurnal.unmer.ac.id/index.php/jeemecs/
  • Phone: +6289699676884
  • Email: jeemecs@unmer.ac.id

JEEMECS (Journal of Electrical Engineering, Mechatronic and Computer Science) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License Creative Commons License

Copyright ©2020 University of Merdeka Malang Powered by Open Journal Systems.