Hand model of the brain training as emotion regulation method for elementary school students

Lita Patricia Lunanta, Reneta Kristiani, Aurelia Ardani


In the era of the COVID-19 pandemic, learning from home comes with positive and negative consequences. The sense of security that children get from distance learning brings negative consequences where children need to adjust to a new paradigm. Problems around learning from home included mental health and emotional problems for students. This psychoeducation aimed to explain the emotion regulation process and how the brain worked in emotion processing. We conducted the program with a pre-survey and interviews with teachers and school principals. Furthermore, online mentoring and surveys to students accompanied by their parents. It is hoped that students could understand their emotions and the basic steps to regulate. The hand model of the brain is the model of the brain in hands to explain concretely the hierarchy and connection between different parts of the brain concerning emotions. This program got a positive response from the participants. Psychoeducation results show an increase in understanding and gave positive feedback that this program is effective and fit to what they needed.


COVID-19, Emotion regulation method, Hand model of the brain

Full Text:



Barton, D. (2009). The mindful brain: Reflection and attunement in the cultivation of well-being. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 70(3). https://doi.org/10.4088/jcp.08bk40888

Changing Minds. (2021). Emotional body language. Changing Minds. http://changingminds.org/techniques/body/emotional_body.htm

Chessick, C. (2007). Review of the mindful brain: Reflection and attunement in the cultivation of well-being. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(10), 1619-1620. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.07081292

DetikNews. (2020, September 20). Miris, bocah SD tewas di tangan orang tua gara-gara susah belajar online. DetikNews. https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-barat/d-5180315/miris-bocah-sd-tewas-di-tangan-orang tua-gara-gara-susah-belajar-online

Dunn, K. T. (2019, Januari 15). Body clues activities: Emotional expression and identification for anxious kids. Compassionate Counseling. https://www.compassionatecounselingstl.com/blog/emotional-expression-activity-identification-for-kids

Fredrickson, B. L., & Siegel, D. J. (2018). Broaden-and-build theory meets interpersonal neurobiology as a lens on compassion and positivity resonance. In Compassion (203-217). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315564296-12

Gehart D.R. (2012) Teaching mindfulness practice in therapy. in Mindfulness and acceptance in couple and family therapy. Boston: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3033-9_6

Hendra. (14 Oktober 2020). Ini dampak negatif belajar via daring menurut psikolog dan cara mengatasinya. Redaksi 24. https://www.redaksi24.com/ini-dampak-negatif-belajar-via-daring-menurut-psikolog-dan-cara-mengatasinya/

Hoffman. (2013). Feelings list. Hoffman. https://www.hoffmaninstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/Practices-FeelingsSensations.pdf

Human Diseases and Conditions. (2020). Emotions. Human diseases and conditions. http://www.humanillnesses.com/Behavioral-Health-Br-Fe/Emotions.html

Lorenz, S. (2009). The mindful brain: Reflection and attunement in the cultivation of well-being. Journal of Mental Health, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/09638230802523096

MacLean, P. (2019). A triune concept of the brain and behaviour. University of Toronto Press. https://doi.org/10.3138/9781487576752

Maclean, P. D. (1985). Evolutionary psychiatry and the triune brain. Psychological Medicine, 15(2), 219-221. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700023485

Nelson, B. W., Parker, S. C., & Siegel, D. J. (2013). Interpersonal neurobiology, mindsight, and integration. Infant and early childhood mental health: Core concepts and clinical practice, 129.

Qin, S., Young, C. B., Duan, X., Chen, T., Supekar, K., & Menon, V. (2014). Amygdala subregional structure and intrinsic functional connectivity predicts individual differences in anxiety during early childhood. Biological Psychiatry, 75(11), 892-900. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.10.006

Siegel, D. J. (2012a). Mind, brain, and relationships: The interpersonal neurobiology perspective. The developing mind: How relationships and the brain interact to shape who we are, 1-45.

Siegel, D. J. (2012b). Pocket guide to interpersonal neurobiology: An integrative handbook of the mind (Norton series on interpersonal neurobiology). WW Norton & Company.

Siegel, D. J. (2019). The mind in psychotherapy: An interpersonal neurobiology framework for understanding and cultivating mental health. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 92(2), 224-237. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12228

Siegel, D. J., & Bryson, T. P. (2013). The whole-brain child: 12 revolutionary strategies to nurture your child’s developing mind. Australia: Scribe Publications.

Snyder, C. R., & Lopez, S. J. (2005). Handbook of positive psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sprang, G., & Silman, M. (2013). Posttraumatic stress disorder in parents and youth after health-related disasters. Disaster medicine and public health preparedness, 7(1), 105-110. ttps://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2013.22

Teachers Pay Teachers. (2020). Digital brain breaks [PowerPoint slides]. Teachers Pay Teachers. https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Digital-Brain-Breaks-for-Self-Regulation-During-Distance-Learning-5673809

Thebrain.mcgill.ca. (2014). The brain from top to bottom. In Thebrain.Mcgill.Ca.

Wang, G., Zhang, Y., Zhao, J., Zhang, J., & Jiang, F. (2020). Mitigate the effects of home confinement on children during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Lancet, 395(10228), 945-947. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30547-X

Wijaya, C. (18 Februari 2021). Covid-19: “Stres, mudah marah, hingga dugaan bunuh diri”, persoalan mental murid selama sekolah dari rumah. BBC News Indonesia. https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/indonesia-55992502

Wijaya, L. D. (1 Oktober 2020). Dampak negatif dan positif pembelajaran jarak jauh selama pandemi Covid-19. Tempo.co. https://metro.tempo.co/read/1391861/dampak-negatif-dan-positif-pembelajaran-jarak-jauh-selama-pandemi-covid-19

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/abdimas.v6i4.5602


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing by


Garuda - Garba Rujukan Digital

SINTA - Science and Technology Index

Index of /public/site/images/septi


Index Copernicus International (ICI)





Supported By:

Universitas Merdeka Malang

Abdimas: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Merdeka Malang

Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM)

Mailing Address:

Address: Jl. Terusan Raya Dieng No. 62-64, Malang, Indonesia, 65146
Phone/Fax: +62341-5080008
Email: abdimas@unmer.ac.id


Creative Commons License
Abdimas: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Merdeka Malang is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License