Improving The Students’ Speaking Skills and The Learning Process of English Speaking Through Information Gap at The Grade XI-IS 2 of the Public Senior High School 7 Malang

misianto misianto


This Classroom Action Research (CAR) mainly aimed at describing how information gap can improve the students’ speaking skills. The data collection was done by using 3 secondary instruments, namely a pre-test, an observation sheet used by the collaborator, and a student questionnaire. Based on the collected data, the information gap proved effective in improving both the students’ speaking skills and the learning process of English speaking. The detailed results were as follows: Cycle 1: there were 11 of 14 pairs appropriately using Yes/No-questions (78.6 %) and 2 pairs appropriately using WH-questions (14.3 %).  As for the answers, 14 pairs were appropriately giving answers (100 %); 12 pairs with appropriate pronunciation (85.7 %) and 2 pairs with appropriate fluency (14.3 %).  To be pertinent to the learning process, all of the 14 pairs showed a state of being enjoyable in speaking English (100 %), 12 pairs showing a state of being enthusiastic (85.7 %), all of the 14 pairs showing their seriousness in speaking English (100 %), and 12 pairs managing to accomplish the tasks of speaking English in the given time.  In the Cycle 2: all of the 12 pairs appropriately used Yes/No-questions (100 %) and 11 pairs appropriately using WH-questions (91.7 %).  As for the answers, all of the pairs were appropriately giving answers (100 %), 10 pairs with appropriate pronunciation (83.3 %), and 11 pairs with appropriate fluency (91.7 %).


Improving, Speaking English Skills, Information Gap Strategy, Crossword Puzzle


Abdullah, A. 2016. Group work activities for improving speaking skills. (Online). (http://, retrieved 22 January 2017.

Arikunto, S & Supardi. 2006. Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara.

Brown, H. D. 2001. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy, Second Edition. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. 1987. England: Longman. Mistar, J. 2006. Pedoman Penulisan Tesis. Malang: Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Malang.

Nurhasanah, S. 2008. Improving Speaking Skill Using Information Gap to the Second Year Students in SMA N 1 Tangen. (Online). (, retrieved 13 May 2017.

Rahimi, RH. 2016. The Use of Information Gap Technique to Improve Speaking Skill. (Online). (, retrieved 22 January 2017.

Sitinjak, R. 2015. Improving Students’ Speaking Skill through Information Gap at the Twelfth Grader Students of the Vocational School in Pontianak. (Online). (, retrieved 13 May 2017.

Weir, C.J. 1990. Communicative Language Testing. England: Prentice Hall International (UK) Ltd

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

EnJourMe (English Journal of Merdeka) : Culture, Language, and Teaching of English
D3 English Program
University of Merdeka Malang
Jl. Terusan Halimun 11B Malang, 65146, East Java, Indonesia
Phone: +62 815-500-9127