Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Coverage includes, but is not limited to:

  • Employment and industrial law
  • Corporate governance and social responsibility
  • Intellectual property
  • Corporate law and finance
  • Insolvency
  • Commercial law and consumer protection
  • Environmental law
  • Taxation
  • Competition law
  • Regulatory theory


Section Policies


Peer Review Process

Every article submitted to the editor will be received first by the staff editor then selected the selection editor for the next stage. the next stage through the Initial Review process by the selection Editor. The selection editor will continue the article to the reviewer stage and sent to the editorial board and the executive editor will follow the next selection of the Review Process stage. After that, the article of the review process will be sent to the selection editor to be received or returned to the author for revision. This process takes a month for a maximum time. In each manuscript, the editorial board and peer reviewers will be assessed from substantial and technical aspects.

All submitted manuscripts are read by editorial staff. the manuscript evaluated by the editor becomes incompatible with journal criteria rejected immediately without any external reviews. The manuscript evaluated to be a potential interest for our readers is sent to two reviewer desks. The editor then makes a decision based on reviewers' recommendations of several possibilities: rejected, revision required, or accepted.

The editor has the right to decide which manuscripts submitted to the journal should be published.

Review Process:

  1. Author submits the script
  2. Editor's Evaluation (some manuscripts denied or returned before the review process)
  3. Blind peer review process
  4. Editor's Decision
  5. Confirm to an author


Publication Frequency

Journal of Cakrawala Hukum has published two times annually, June and December, by Faculty of Law, University of Merdeka, Malang.


Open Access Policy

this journal is an open access journal which provides immediate, worldwide, barrier-free access to the full text of all published article without change readers or their institutions for access. readers have right to read, download, copy, distributes, print, search or link to the full texts of all article in Journal of Cakrawala Hukum.

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Screening for Plagiarism

Originality and Plagiarism

In publishing, Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum strongly against any case of plagiarism on its own merits. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum commits to deterring plagiarism, including self-plagiarism.

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Papers found with such problems are automatically rejected and authors are so advised. Also, significant parts of the work have not been published. The author also respects entirely Author Guideline of Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum regarding the redundant, duplicate or fraudulent publication.

Before the author submits the manuscript to Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum please at least to check first for using plagiarism checker. When submitting a published article for an originality check, Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum recommends using Plagiarism Checker X, Scanner from https://plagiarismcheckerx.com. Before using Plagiarism Checker X for the first time, we highly recommend that the author reads the instruction to use this plagiarism detector.

*Please notice that Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum does not affiliate with Plagiarism Checker X.*

The Article has not been published in other media and does not contain elements of plagiarism. We recommend that the authors should use reference management software, for the example Mendeley or Zotero. The writing format systems of a bibliography and references for Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum are using Grammarly.


Review Guidelines


  1. Give mark on the wrong part or part that need to be changed
  2. Give mark on the right side of the wrong line or line that need to be changed



  1. Title: Effectiveness, Specification, and clarity
  2. Abstract: Complete and describe the essence  of article
  3. Keywords: Describing the essential concept of article
  4. Introduction: Up-to-date, originality, relevance of the Topic, compatibility of the important reason of the research object
  5. Research Method: Has to emphasize on procedure and data analysis for empiric study
  6. Result: Analysis accurateness
  7. Findings: Up-to-date finding, relevance to the interrelated researchers, and the scientific contribution effect of finding /idea to the development of science
  8. Conclusion: Logical, valid, brief, and clear
  9. Suggestion: For practical action, development of new theory, and next/advanced research
  10. Picture/Table: Center located, Not cutted, Good quality to viewed, Picture/table title, Referred with capital letter
  11. Bibliography: The degree of up-to-date and the reference to primary book sources. Rules: minimum 80% of the journals or the interrelated scientific researchers, above 2007 (year); the number of book sources are minimum 10; minimum 80% in the text/material of art.


Full Review Process of Manuscript

  1. Writing: Is the manuscript easy to follow, that is, has a logical progression and evident organization?
  2. Is the manuscript concise and understandable? Any parts that should be reduced,
  3. Eliminated/expanded/added?
  4. Note if there are major problems with mechanics: grammar, punctuation, spelling. (If there are just a few places that aren’t worded well or correctly, make a note to tell the author the specific places. If there are consistent problems throughout, only select an example or two if need be- don’t try and edit the whole thing).
  5. Abbreviations: Used judiciously and are composed such that reader won’t have trouble remembering what an abbreviation represents.
  6. Follows style, format and other rules of the journal.
  7. Citations are provided when providing evidence-based information from outside sources.


Categories Decision

  • Publish   : No Need Revision
  • Minor     : Revision can be done by Editor-In-Chief or those who help
  • Major     : Revision can only be done by author
  • Rejected : Unproperly scientific or too many



Ethics Statement

Author or Authors of Journal of Cakrawala Hukum is/are agree to follow ethics standard ruled by Editorial Board of Dewan Redaksi Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum. Author or Authors have/have to obey and notice authorship right, plagiarism, double publication, data manipulation, manipulative citation, ethnic acceptance and Intellectual of Property Right.

An authorship is a person who participates in research and has enough responsibility on all of the publication contents. When authorship related with one group, every author has to contributes things as follow: (i) conception and research design, data acquisition, data analysis, and interpretation; (ii) article composing and revising; and (iii) final acceptance from the latest version to be published. Article submission means that every author has read and accepted final version of the article submitted, and approve with the article publication. All of the authors have to take responsibility for quality, accuracy and writing ethics.

Plagiarism is an act that takes other’s people work or ideas and claim it for him/herself without involving those people. The submitted article has to be an original article from the author/authors.

Double Publication, is an article published which substantially overlapping with another article that already published, without clear citation referring to the other publication. The article submission will be considered to be published only if it is sent for this publication only and not substantially overlapping with a previously published article. Every article that has a hypothesis, sample characteristic, methodology, result and same conclusion (or closely related) with other published article is a duplicate article and forbid to be published, even include, if the article has been published in other languages. Obtain data from a single research to make several different articles without different content should be avoided.

Fabrication data manipulation is an ethics violation and forbidden.

Reference Manipulation, an only relevant reference that can be used in an article. A personal reference which not relevant increase author citation (h-index) or unnecessary citation to raise reference numbers is not allowed.

Ethic Acceptance, an experiment conducted on human and animal need to be permitted from an official institution and not violate the law. Human and animal experiment have to be clearly stated on “Materials and Method”, also examined and permitted by professionals from the moral aspect. Research conducted on a human has to fit with Helsinki Declaration principles and need to be supervised by the doctor on biomedical research that includes human as a subject. Details of data from the human subject can only be included if it is really important for scientific purpose and author/authors. Details of data from human subjects can only be included if very get premeditated from the related person, their parents or guardian.

Intellectual Property Right, author/authors have/have to obey the law and/or ethic in conduct the research object, notice the legality of material source and intellectual property right. Conflict of interest and fund source of author/authors has to mention all of the financial support from an institution, private and corporate, and note down every potential conflict of interest.


Publication Acceptance of an article implies that those article has been published in a seminar (oral or poster) and reviewed Board of Editor or other party appointed. Generally, the author will be notified of the acceptance, rejection or revision needed in 1 until 2 months after presentation. An article rejected,  if the content is not relevant with the publication scope, not fulfilled ethic standard (fraud authorship, plagiarism, double publication, data and citation manipulation), not achieved quality needed, not written in the correct format, complicated grammar or ignore correspondence within three months. Primary criteria for the publication is scientific quality and already presented. The article which accepted will chronologically publish. This publication will do several times in a year, but online publication only did after “proofreading”.

Copy Right

Article submission implies that it never published before (except for part of thesis, report or abstract);  which is not currently considered to published in any kind of others publication; that the publication is already accepted by all of the co-authors, and if accepted for publication, author still hold copyright and maintain the right without limitation. Author or other people allowed to copy the article as long as not for commercial purposes. For new findings, the author suggested to managing the patent first before publishing it.

Open Access

This publication is committed to free-open access which does not cost reader or the institution for access. The user has right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search or make a citation to the article as long as not for commercial purpose.


No responsibility can be aimed to the publisher or co-publisher or editor for the damages to person or property caused by actual statement or slander, intellectual copyright violation, and personal right or product liability, both come from negligence or the opposite, or from the use of idea, instruction, procedure, product or method contain in an article.


Revision Guidelines



The paper that has received the results of the review is expected to be immediately revised to adjust the suggestions and questions that exist in the review results. The author is given no later than 15 days to revise his paper counted since the submission of the review results. If at that time the author does not upload the revised paper, then the paper will not be refused to be published (reject). Renewal time extensions can be obtained in accordance with strong demand and reason. The revised paper is further uploaded through Journal of Cakrawala Hukum website and also sent via email jurnalcakrawalahukum@unmer.ac.id Following the provisions of the revised paper in Journal of Cakrawala Hukum:

  1. When a reviewer gives comment on paper (in the comment box), the writer asked to directly reply to that comment box. The answer from the author can be Information that has been done revision or reason/argumentation if the author is not willing to revise for some reason (please can be submitted in the comments field already available briefly and details).

  2. Revised on paper or additional material/sentence please block yellow highlighter.

  3. After the revision is complete, the revised paper file is named after the revised paper and uploaded on the Journal website of Journal of Cakrawala Hukum. The editor will receive only one post-revision paper. Revisions to comments from the second reviewer and additional sentences were also made on the post-revision paper marked with a green highlighter.

  4. Attached sample of revision process paper in Journal of Cakrawala Hukum to facilitate revision process by the author.


abstrating & Indexing


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Journal of Cakrawala Hukum

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