Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum is a peer-reviewed open-access journal that aims to offer an international academic platform for cross-border legal research in multiple governance policies and civil rights law, particularly in developing and emerging countries. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum aims to publish manuscripts of high-quality research as well as conceptual analysis that studies specific and focus fields of law, such as Land Law Reform; Industrial Law; Customary/Adat Law; Philosophy of Law; Fundamental Law; Criminal Law; Penal Policy; Legal Theory; Comparative Law; Corporate Law; Finance Law; Cybercrime; Intellectual Property Law; Commercial Law; Environmental Law; Consumer Protection; Human Rights; Constitutional and Administrative Law; Air and Space Law; Customary Institution Law; Religious Jurisprudence Law; International Regime Law; and Legal Pluralism Governance issues in South East Asia with comparisons of laws in the world. 


Section Policies


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Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Editor in Chief will assign the manuscript to Managing Editor for further handling. The Managing Editor and the editors will request at least two scientists to review the research article manuscript. All manuscripts are subject to double-blind peer review, both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process to meet standards of academic excellence. 

In short, the steps are:

  1. Manuscript Submission (by author) (Route 1)
  2. Manuscript Check and Selection (by manager and editors) (Route 2). Editors have a right to directly accept, reject, or review. Prior to further processing steps, a plagiarism check using Turnitin is applied for each manuscript.
  3. Manuscript Reviewing Process (by reviewers) (Route 3-4)
  4. Notification of Manuscript Acceptance, Revision, or Rejection (by editor to author based on reviewers' comments) (Route 5)
  5. Paper Revision (by author)
  6. Revision Submission based on Reviewer Suggestion (by author) with a similar flow to point number 1. (Route 1)
  7. If the reviewer seems to be satisfied with the revision, notification for acceptance (by editor). (Route 6)
  8. Galley proof and publishing process  (Route 7 and 8)

Steps point number 1 to 5 are considered as 1 round of the peer-reviewing process. The editor or editorial board considers the feedback provided by the peer reviewers and arrives at a decision. The following are the most common decisions:

  • Accepted, as it is. The journal will publish the paper in its original form;
  • Accepted by Minor Revisions, the journal will publish the paper and asks the author to make small corrections (let authors revise within the stipulated time);
  • Accepted by Major Revisions, the journal will publish the paper provided the authors make the changes suggested by the reviewers and/or editors (let authors revise within the stipulated time);
  • Resubmit (conditional rejection), the journal is willing to reconsider the paper in another round of decision-making after the authors make major changes;
  • Rejected (outright rejection), the journal will not publish the paper or reconsider it even if the authors make major revisions.


Publication Frequency

Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum is a journal published by the Faculty of Law - University of Merdeka Malang three times a year in April, August, and December.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...



Plagiarism Policy

In this publication, Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum strongly opposes plagiarism because of its own abilities. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum is committed to blocking plagiarism, including self-plagiarism.

The author must ensure that the author has written the original work fully if the author has used the work and/or words of others who have been quoted correctly, and if found indications of plagiarism (above 25%) in the text, then Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum automatically has the right to reject the manuscript. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum strongly recommends, too, an important part of the manuscript before it is published. The author also appreciates writing in Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum about publications, duplicates, or excessive fraud.

Before the author submits the manuscript to Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum at least to examine the use of plagiarism. When submitting articles published for authenticity checks, Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum recommends the use of Turnitin, a Scanner from TURNITIN. Before using Turnitin Plagiarism for the first time, we strongly recommend that the writer read the instructions for using this plagiarism detector. The plagiarism detection system for Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum uses and is affiliated with Turnitin.

* Please note that the Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum is affiliated with Turnitin. *

The article has not been published in other media and does not contain plagiarism. Preferably the author must use reference management software, for example, Mendeley. Bibliography and reference system for Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum using Mendeley.


Publication Ethics

Our ethic statements are based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum.

Hasil gambar untuk committee on publication ethics logo

Publication decisions
The editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published.
The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Fair play
An editor at any time evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgment of Sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Originality and Plagiarism
The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication
An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgment of Sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.


Instructions for Authors

Authors should submit only papers that have been carefully proofread and polished. Manuscripts are accepted with the understanding that they are an original or extended version of previously published papers in conferences and/or journals and that, if the work received an official sponsorship, it has been duly released for open publication. Before submission please make sure that your paper is prepared using the Manuscript TemplateFirst, kindly please register as the author and follow these Registration Instructions, and then you should log in to submit your papers. Please don´t forget to tick the author when you make a registration. Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.

  1. Letter of Statement (downloaded at Letter of Statement form) from the author that the article submitted to Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum is an original work, never published before, not currently sent to other media, and accept to divert the original work of the article to Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum;
  2. This will ensure fast processing and publication. Any papers not fulfilling the requirements based on Author's Guidelines and Review Guidelines or using a different format, will not be processed/ rejected by the editors before further review;
  3. Proof of payment for the publication of a Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum article if it has been declared accepted for publication;
  4. If found indications of plagiarism (above 25%) in the text, the Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum automatically has the right to reject the manuscript;
  5. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum absolutely does NOT accept manuscript submissions via email;
  6. There is no LoA created by the Editor. LoA is issued only in the form of paper notifications received at the initial stage, namely the submissions queue. Not necessarily accepted submissions review, submissions editing, and publication;
  7. All of the above documents (excluding articles) required are scanned in a PDF and made into 1 (one) send to email file: jurnalcakrawalahukum@unmer.ac.id with the subject being the name author_title;
  8. Articles submitted directly through Online Submissions in the Open Journal System Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum; and
  9. Notification All correspondence and communication are done by: Open Journal System Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum.


Guidelines for Online Submmisions

The author should first register as an Author and/or be offered as Reviewer through the following address: Online Submission.

The author should fulfill the form as detailed as possible where the star-marked form must be entered. After all form textbox was filled, the Author clicks on the “Register” button to proceed with the registration. Therefore, the Author is brought to the online author submission interface where the Author should click on “New Submission”. In the Start, a New Submission section, click on ’ Click Here’: to go to step one of the five-step submission processes”. The following are five steps in the online submission process:

  1. Step 1 - Starting the Submission: Select the appropriate section of the journal, i.e. Original Research Articles or Review Articles. Thus, the author must check-mark on the submission checklists.
  2. Step 2 – Uploading the Submission: To upload a manuscript to this journal, click Browse on the Upload submission file item and choose the manuscript document file to be submitted, then click the Upload button. 
  3. Step 3 – Entering Submission’s Metadata: In this step, detailed authors metadata should be entered including the marked corresponding author. After that, the manuscript title and abstract must be uploaded by copying the text and paste in the textbox including keywords.
  4. Step 4 – Uploading Supplementary Files: Supplementary files should be uploaded including Covering/Submission Letter, the proofread evidence, and the Signed Statement Letter of Scientific Form. Therefore, click on the Browse button, choose the files, and then click on the Upload button.
  5. Step 5 – Confirming the Submission: The author should final check the uploaded manuscript documents in this step. To submit the manuscript to Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum, click the Finish Submission button after the document is true. The corresponding author or the principal contact will receive an acknowledgment by email and will be able to view the submission’s progress through the editorial process by logging in to the journal web address site. 

After this submission, the Authors who submit the manuscript will get a confirmation email about the submission. Therefore, Authors are able to track their submission status at any time by logging in to the online submission interface. The submission tracking includes the status of the manuscript review and editorial process.


Template & Statement Letter

Please download the Manuscript Template Statement Letter of Scientific Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum :


(please click the following link)


Indexing & Abstracting


Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum has been Accredited “Rank 3”(Peringkat 3) as a scientific journal under the decree of the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia Decree Nomor: 23/E/KPT/2019, August 19th, 2019.