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Author Guidelines

Please read and understand the Author's Guidelines for the preparation manuscript. 

Downloaded Author Guidelines at Click

Script scientific articles are submitted in softcopy format using Open Journal System. The author can Register and Online Submissions, which is sent refers to the following instructions:

Paper Format

  1. The paper size is A4;
  2. Line spacing: 1 space, margins: right 3 cm, left 4 cm, top 3 cm, Bottom 3 cm; font type: Book Antiqua; font size 18 pts for the title; 12 pts for subsection and substance; abstract using size 10 pts; and 12 pts for the table, graphic, picture, etc (must be written in editable format by editor); and
  3. The word limit for the submission is 4000-8000 words (including footnotes and abstract).

Manuscripts Writing

The author who submits a manuscript to the editors should comply with the Author's Guidelines and Template (Downloaded at Template). If the submitted manuscript does not comply with the guidelines or uses a different format, it will be rejected by the editorial team before being reviewed. The editorial team will only accept a manuscript that meets the specified formatting requirements. This template is designed to assist Author in preparing the manuscript; it is an exact representation of the format expected by the editor. To use this template, please just Save As this MS Word file to your document, then copy and paste your document here. All papers submitted to the journal should be written in the English language.

1. Title

The title of the article is written preferably not more than 14 words. Author(s) name, affiliations, and e-mail.

2. Abstract

The abstract should be clear, concise, and descriptive. This abstract should provide a brief introduction to the problem, and objective of the paper, followed by a statement regarding the method and a brief summary of the results. Abstract preferably not more than 200 words.

3. Keywords

Keywords are arranged alphabetically and should have at least two keywords and a maximum of five keywords separated by a semicolon (;).

4. Introduction

The introduction should be clear and provide the issue to be discussed in the manuscript. At the end of the paragraph, the author/s should end with a comment on the significance concerning the identification of the issue and the objective of the research.

5. Method

The method is written in descriptive. This method is optional, only for original research articles.

6. Analysis and Discussion

This section is the most important section of your article. Contains the results of the object of study and should be clear and concise.

7. Conclusion 

The conclusion contains a description that should answer the objectives of the research. Do not repeat the Abstract or simply describe the results of the research. Give a clear explanation regarding the possible application and/or suggestions related to the research findings.

8. References

For reference, our reference uses the Chicago Manual of Style. It is strongly suggested that 80% of the references must be taken from a scientific journal that has been published in the last 10 years. Use references from a research institution or university and a credible web page (e.g. IUCN, FAO, etc). Use literature that has been indexed in ISSN online/ ISSN print/ DOI/Scopus. Cite only items that you have read and written in footnotes. Please use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc. Use other published articles in the same journal as models. All publications cited in the text should be included in the References section and arranged alphabetically. The citation quick guide can be found at:

Graphs, Photos, and Tables

The figures should be clearly readable and at least have a resolution of 300 DPI (Dots Per Inch) for good printing quality. All graphs, and photographs you enter in the document must be adjusted to the order of 1 column or full size of a paper without dots (.), Without bold print, and must be accompanied by a sentence referring to the image, to make it easier for reviewers to look at the meaning of the image. Graphs can follow the format for diagrams like Graphs 1. The images are presented in the format shown in Figure 2. Table made with the open model (without the vertical lines). The tables are presented in the format shown in Table 3.

For example:

Graph 1 Comparison of xxx

Source: xxxxxxxx data, 20xx.

Figure 2 Photo of the xxxx


Source: xxxxxxxx data, 20xx.

Table 3 Comparison of data xxx 







Source: xxxxxxxx data, 20xx.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

  3. The submission article has been in accordance with Author Guidelines Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum, which are found in About the Journal. For reference, our reference uses the Chicago Manual of Style, Consult:

  4. The author must ensure that the author has written the original work fully if the author has used the work and/or words of others who have been quoted correctly, and if found indications of plagiarism (above 25%) in the text.

  5. Any third-party-owned materials used have been identified with appropriate credit lines, and permission obtained from the copyright holder for all formats of the journal.

  6. The author declares the absence of any conflict of interest in this work.


    If English is not your first language, we appreciate it if your manuscript has passed the proofreading process by a native or a trusted proofreading institution. Do not forget to attach the proofread evidence to the supplementary file when making a submission. Otherwise, your manuscript will be delayed or even rejected after a preliminary review by the editorial team.


Copyright Notice

Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:

The copyright of the received article shall be assigned to the journal as the publisher of the journal. The intended copyright includes the right to publish the article in various forms (including reprints). The journal maintains the publishing rights to the published articles. Authors must agree to the copyright transfer agreement by checking the Copyright Notice column at the initial stage when submitting the article.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission: 0.00 (IDR)

if the article submission is not charged the cost of a plagiarism check (Turnitin) until it passes the plagiarism check after passing the new plagiarism check, we send a letter of acceptance of the article and an invoice for publishing the article

Fast-Track Review: 2500000.00 (IDR)

If this paper is accepted for publication, Pay a publication fee to the bank account: BNI 024-584-1570 a.n. Dekan Fakultas Hukum Universitas Merdeka Malang (please confirm after transfer by contacting through email:

Article Publication: 1500000.00 (IDR)

If this paper is accepted for publication, Pay the publication fee including test Turnitin checker plagiarism to the bank account: BNI 024-584-1570 a.n. Dekan Fakultas Hukum Universitas Merdeka Malang (please confirm after transfer by contacting through email:

If you do not have the funds to pay such fees, you will have an opportunity to waive each fee. We do not want fees to prevent the publication of worthy work.