Social control of government policy through the citizen lawsuit mechanism

Paris Hendra Wijaya Sinaga, Firdausa Panji Bagas Wiratama, Fransiska Indriati, Dewi Ayu Rahayu, Sunarjo Sunarjo


Social control is a form of monitoring whether or not a public policy is made from the planning and implementation stages in the community. Social control aims to prevent or treat so that the government does not set deviant actions or rules that can harm the community. So it is fitting for community groups to control and supervise the policies made by the government. However, it cannot be denied that there are still many policies that are made detrimental to the community and violate the public interest. This study analyzes inappropriate government policies in the community, using the empirical juridical method with a concept approach, a case approach, and a law approach. The results of this study indicate that several violations occurred due to government policies, so total control from the community is needed that can be carried out using a citizen lawsuit mechanism. The citizen lawsuit is the suitable lawsuit model to demand the Government evaluate and improve all efforts and policies to overcome problems detrimental to the community.

How to cite item: 

Sinaga, P., Wiratama, F., Indriati, F., Rahayu, D., & Sunarjo, S. (2022). Social control of government policy through the citizen lawsuit mechanism. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum, 13(2), 123-134. DOI:


Social Control; Policy; Citizen Lawsuit.

Full Text:



Agustina, S. (2017). Analisis Tentang Pengaturan Oleh Pemerintah Dalam Sistem Pemerintahan Negara Hukum Indonesia. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum, 5(2), 168-179. DOI:

Asikin, Z. (2012). Pengantar Tata Hukum Indonesia. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Axline, M. D. (1995). Environmental Citizen Lawsuits. Michie: Butterworth Legal Publishers, AA-1, 1-8.

Fitriana, E. C., & Quraisyta, N. F. (2022). Juridical Review of Citizen Lawsuit in its Application in Indonesia. Randwick International of Social Science Journal, 3(2), 420-426. DOI:

Fuady, M. (2011). Teori Negara Hukum Modern (Rechtstaat). Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Iriani, D. (2011). Hukum sebagai alat kontrol sosial dan sistem supremasi penegakan hukum. Justicia Islamica, 8 (1). DOI: 10.21154/justicia.v8i1.527.

Kelsen, H. (1961). General Theory of Law and State. 1945. Russell.

Nasir, C. (2017). Pengawasan terhadap Kebijakan Pemerintah Melalui Mekanisme Citizen Lawsuit. Jurnal Konstitusi. Vol 14, No 4. DOI:

Safar, A., & Harjono, S. H. (2017). Gugatan Citizen Lawsuit Dalam Perkara Kemacetan Di DKI Jakarta. Verstek, 5 (1). DOI: 10.20961/jv.v5i1.33416.

Santosa, A., & Sembiring, S. N. (1997). Hak Gugat Organisasi Lingkungan. Jakarta: Lembaga Pengembangan Hukum Lingkungan Indonesia.

Sukadi, I. (2015). Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Anak Terlantar Melalui Citizen Lawsuit. Journal de Jure, 7 (2), 170-180. DOI: 10.18860/j-fsh.v7i2.3523.

Wahidin, S. (2017). Hakim Agung Sebagai Agent of Change Menuju Law And Legal Reform. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum, 5(2), 157-167. DOI:

Zulaeha, M. (2016). Mengatasi kabut asap melalui mekanisme citizen lawsuit. Jurnal Hukum Lingkungan Indonesia, 3(1), 87-106. DOI: 10.38011/jhli.v3i1.35.

Zulaeha, M., Ariany, L., Hendryan D. A., Falmelia, R. A., & Ridhani S. M. (2021). Flood Disaster Mitigation Through Citizen Lawsuit. Prizren Social Science Journal (3), 93–102. DOI:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Publisher by: 

Faculty of Law - University of Merdeka Malang
Faculty of Law Building, Terusan Dieng Street 62-64
Malang City, East Java, Indonesia, 65146.

View JCH Visitors
web statistics

Other Link

Follow Us

See the source image@jurnalcakrawalahukum
See related image detail@Jcakrawalahukum
Phone (0341) 580161
See the source imageFaks (0341) 588395

Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.